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- Research: Meaning, Types, and Characteristics, Positivism and Post- positivistic approach to research
- Methods of Research: Experimental, Descriptive, Historical, Qualitative and Quantitative methods.
- Steps of Research.
- Thesis and Article writing: Format and styles of referencing
- Application of ICT in research.
- Research ethics
APPLICATION OF ICT IN RESEARCH
- Formal gathering in an academic setting where participants are experts in their fields.
- Experts deliver/Present their opinions or view points on a chosen topic of discussion.
- Can be called as small scale conference as the number of delegates is smaller.
- Discussion after the speeches is presented.
- It covers a single to or subject and all the lectures given by expert are completed in a single day.
- Prestigious conferences generally leading venues in their respective fields.
- A formal meeting where participants exchange their views on various topics.
- Can be in different fields and it need to be academic in nature all the time.
- Is a meeting that has been prearranged and includes consultations and discussion on a number of topics by the delegates.
- Is a form of academic instruction
- Small group of recurring meetings focus on a particular subject.
- Instructor has prepared the concepts and techniques they will present and discuss through a combination of visual material interactive tools or equipment and demonstration.
- Full laboratory phase is not a requirement.
- Has all elements of the seminar
- More emphasis on “hands-on” practice or laboratory work.
- The lab work is designed to reinforce, imprint and being forward an immediate functioning dimension to the participant’s eye and hands by implementing actual concepts.
- Would typically be held once a year per discipline highlighting the achievements notable results in the field.
- Typically attended by leaders in that field and feature a series of invited talks.
- Is a gathering of greater importance than a conference
- Much larger in size (few thousands participants) with a formal agenda and programme with the aim of formulating policy.
- Purely academic in nature
- One or more experts or eminent academicians deliver lectures on a subject.
- Followed by a question and answer session.
In symposium & workshop –flow of information is between all the participants’ delegates and speakers; where as in a seminar and colloquium the flow of information is primarily one way from the speakers to the audience.
A Clinic is a meeting of select group of persons with common interests confronting and discussing real life situations and problems, organized for the purpose diagnosing analyzing and seeking solution to specific problems.
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