• Formal gathering in an academic setting where participants are experts in their fields.
  • Experts deliver/Present their opinions or view points on a chosen topic of discussion.
  • Can be called as small scale conference as the number of delegates is smaller.
  • Discussion after the speeches is presented.

Chief Characteristics:

  • It covers a single to  or subject  and all the lectures given by expert are completed in a single day.
  • Prestigious conferences generally leading venues in their respective fields.


  • A formal meeting where participants exchange their views on various topics.
  • Can be in different fields and it need to be academic in nature all the time.
  • Is a meeting that has been prearranged and includes consultations and discussion on a number of topics by the delegates.


  • Is a form of academic instruction
  • Small group of recurring meetings focus on a particular subject.
  • Instructor has prepared the concepts and techniques they will present and discuss through a combination of visual material interactive tools or equipment and demonstration.
  • Full laboratory phase is not a requirement.


  • Has all elements of the seminar
  • More emphasis on “hands-on” practice or laboratory work.
  • The lab work is designed to reinforce, imprint and being forward an immediate functioning dimension to the participant’s eye and hands by implementing actual concepts.


  • Would typically be held once a year per discipline highlighting the achievements notable results in the field.
  • Typically attended by leaders in that field and feature a series of invited talks.


  • Is a gathering of greater importance than a conference
  • Much larger in size (few thousands participants) with a formal agenda and programme with the aim of formulating policy.


  • Purely academic in nature
  • One or more experts or eminent academicians deliver lectures on a subject.
  • Followed by a question and answer session.

Information Flow:

In symposium & workshop –flow of information is between all the participants’ delegates and speakers; where as in a seminar and colloquium the flow of information is primarily one way from the speakers to the audience.


A Clinic is a meeting of select group of persons with common interests confronting and discussing real life situations and problems, organized for the purpose diagnosing analyzing and seeking solution to specific problems.

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